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Map reading in NCC| Map Symbols

A key component of the NCC curriculum is map reading. In this blog post, we will explore the basics of map reading and how it is taught in the NCC.

Map Reading in NCC

A key component of the NCC curriculum is map reading. In this blog post, we will explore the basics of map reading and how it is taught in the NCC. We will also look at the benefits of learning this skill and how it can be applied in real-world scenarios.

What is the National Cadet Corps?

The National Cadet Corps (NCC) is the Indian military cadet corps with its Headquarters at New Delhi, Delhi, India. It is open to school and college students on voluntary basis. The National Cadet Corps in India is a youth development movement which aims to instill leadership, patriotism and community service in young people.

What is map reading?

In the National Cadet Corps (NCC), map reading is taught as a part of the training syllabus. It is an important skill for cadets, as it helps them orient themselves in unfamiliar terrain and navigate their way around.

Map reading involves understanding how to read a topographic map, which is a type of map that shows the natural features of an area, such as mountains, rivers and valleys. It also shows man-made features such as roads, buildings and bridges.

Topographic maps use symbols to represent different features, and these symbols are usually explained in a legend on the side of the map. The contour lines on a topographic map show changes in elevation, and can be used to identify hills, valleys and other features.

To read a topographic map, start by orienting the map so that north is at the top. Then, use the legend to identify the different symbols that are used to represent different features. Once you have familiarized yourself with the symbols, look for any landmarks that you recognize on the map. This will help you get your bearings and orient yourself in relation to your surroundings.

From there, you can begin to plot your route. To do this, first find two points that are visible on both the map and in real life (such as two roads or mountains). Then draw a line between those two points on the map. This line is called a bearing line, and it will show you which

The importance of map reading

There are many benefits to map reading, but some of the most important ones are:

1. Map reading helps improve your sense of direction.

2. It can help you navigate your way around unfamiliar places.

3. Map reading can help you plan your journey in advance, so that you can avoid getting lost.

4. If you do get lost, map reading can help you find your way back to safety.

5. Map reading can also be a fun and enjoyable hobby in itself!

How to read a map

In the National Cadet Corps (NCC) India, map reading is an important skill that cadets must learn. There are many different types of maps that cadets may encounter, but all maps follow some basic principles. In this article, we will discuss how to read a map so that you can be better prepared for your NCC training.

All maps have a title, which tells you what the map is representing. The title should be big and easy to read so that you can quickly identify the purpose of the map. The scale of the map is also important to note. This will tell you how large or small an area is in relation to the rest of the world. For example, a 1:50 000 scale map means that one unit on the map represents 50 000 units in real life.

The legend is another key feature of any map. This explains all of the symbols used on the map so that you can interpret it correctly. Make sure to take some time to familiarize yourself with the legend before you start trying to read the map.

Map reading involves more than just looking at symbols and lines on a page. You also need to be able to understand what these symbols and lines represent in real life. For example, a blue line on a map might represent a river, while a green line could represent a forest boundary. Once you know what all of the symbols on the map mean, you can start to piece together an understanding of the area

Tips for map reading

There are a few things to keep in mind when reading maps in the National Cadet Corps India. First, it is important to be familiar with the different types of maps that are available. The most common type of map is the topographic map, which shows relief features such as mountains, valleys, and plains. It is also important to know how to read contour lines, which show changes in elevation.

Another important thing to keep in mind when reading maps is to pay attention to the legend. The legend will tell you what symbols represent different features on the map. For example, a circle with a dot in the center might represent a city, while a triangle might represent a mountain peak.

Finally, it is also important to be aware of the scale of the map. The scale will tell you how much ground is represented by each unit on the map. For example, if the scale is 1:100,000, that means that one inch on the map represents 100,000 inches (or 2.54 kilometers) of real-world distance.

common scales used in survey of India maps

The Survey of India (SoI) is the national surveying and mapping agency of India. It was established in 1767 and is one of the oldest surviving governmental departments in India. The SoI has played a pivotal role in the development of the nation and its economy, most notably through its mapping of the Indian subcontinent.

Today, the SoI provides a wide range of surveying and mapping services to all levels of government, industry, and academia. Its products include topographic maps, cadastral maps, geodetic control networks, DEMs, orthophotos, satellite image maps, and various GIS products. In addition to its surveying and mapping activities, the SoI also provides advice and support on all aspects of land management and spatial planning.

One of the most important roles played by the SoI is that of providing accurate and up-to-date maps for use by the Indian armed forces. The SoI is responsible for producing all operational military maps for India as well as for maintaining a database of over 1 million square kilometers of terrain information. These maps are used by the army, navy, air force, and paramilitary forces for a variety of purposes including navigation, target acquisition, aircraft landing strips, missile sites, etc.

The SoI uses a variety of scales when producing its maps depending on the purpose for which they will be used. Some common scales used by the SoI are:

 16 inches to 1 Mile= 1/3960 

04    inches to 1 mile 1/15840 

2.53 inches to 1 mile 1/25000 

1 inch to 1 mile 1/63360 

½ inch to I mile 1/126720 

16 miles to 1 inch (Approx) 1/1000000 

32 miles to 1 inch (Approx) 1/2000000


A map is a representation of an area, whether it be real or imaginary. It can be drawn to scale, meaning that the size of the features on the map are in proportion to their size in the real world, or it can be drawn as a Birds Eye View, meaning that all of the features are shown from above. A map can also be drawn as a Plan view, which is when all of the features are aligned horizontally.
There are many different types of maps, but they all have certain things in common. All maps have a title, legend (or key), north arrow, and scale bar. The title tells you what the map is representing, while the legend(or key) explains what all of the symbols on the map mean. The north arrow shows you which direction is north, while the scale bar helps you to understand how big or small the features on the map really are in relation to each other and in relation to the real world.

There are two main types of maps- physical and political. Physical maps show natural features such as mountains, rivers, and lakes. Political maps show man-made features such as cities, roads, and country boundaries. There are also topographical maps, which show both natural and man-made features.

All maps use symbols to represent different things. For example, a triangle might represent a mountain, while a circle might represent a city. Different colors might also be used to help distinguish between different types of features


In the National Cadet Corps (NCC), map reading is an essential skill that is taught to cadets. The following are some of the topographical forms and technical terms that are used in NCC map reading:

-Latitude and longitude: These are the imaginary lines on the earth's surface that are used to measure distances.

-Contour lines: These are lines on a map that join points of equal height above sea level.

-Grid references: These are used to pinpoint a specific location on a map using a system of coordinates.

-Symbols: Maps use a variety of symbols to represent different features.

-Scale: The scale of a map indicates the relationship between distances on the map and actual distances.


In National Cadet Corps India, the grid system is used to help cadets find their way around the country. The system is made up of a series of lines that crisscross the country from east to west and north to south. Each line represents a different degree of latitude or longitude, and when these lines are drawn on a map, they create a grid.

The grid system makes it easy for cadets to find their bearings and navigate their way around the country. It also allows them to plot their course from one location to another, which is extremely helpful when travelling in unfamiliar territory.



In National Cadet Corps India, map reading is a critical skill. The ability to read and interpret topographical maps is essential for navigation and planning purposes. When reading a topographical map, there are a few key features to look out for: relief contours and gradients.

Relief contours are lines drawn on a map that show changes in elevation. They help visualize the shape of the land surface. Contour lines always form closed loops, with the space inside the loop representing an area of higher elevation than the space outside the loop. The size of the loops indicates how steep the terrain is; smaller loops indicate gentle slopes while larger loops indicate steeper slopes.

Gradients are another way of representing changes in elevation on a map. They are typically shown as percentages, with 100% indicating a vertical rise (e.g. going straight up a hill) and 0% indicating level ground. Gradients can be helpful in judging how strenuous a hike will be, as well as identifying potential shortcuts (if you don't mind a bit of scrambling).

So next time you're looking at a map, take some time to familiarize yourself with these two important features!


There are four cardinal points on a compass - North, South, East and West. North is the direction towards the North Pole, South is the direction towards the South Pole, East is the direction towards the east side of the world (90° clockwise from north), and West is the direction towards the west side of the world (90° counter-clockwise from north).

To find north using a compass, first align the compass needle with north on the map. Then, turn your body so that the compass needle points to north on the ground. This will put you facing north.


There are three types of bearings used in navigation- true, magnetic and compass. True bearings are measured from the north pole, so they remain constant. Magnetic bearings take into account the Earth's magnetic field, which can cause a compass to give readings that are slightly different from true north. Compass bearings are what you would normally use on a map, as they are based on the cardinal points of a compass.

A service protractor is a tool used to measure angles on a map. It can be used to measure both true and magnetic bearings. To use a service protractor, first align the straight edge of the protractor with the grid lines of the map. Then place the centre of the protractor over the point you want to measure the bearing from. The zero line of the protractor should point towards true north (or south, if you are measuring a bearing from south). To measure a magnetic bearing, rotate the protractor until the north-south line on the protractor is parallel with the earth's magnetic field lines (shown as red arrows on most maps). The bearing will then be read from the scale on the bottom edge of the protractor.


A prismatic compass is a type of compass commonly used by the military and Boy Scouts. It is also known as a surveying compass. The prismatic compass is more accurate than a regular compass because it has a built-in bubble level that helps to ensure the needle is level, which is important for taking accurate bearings.

The prismatic compass has three main parts: the sighting lens, the dial, and the needle. To use the prismatic compass, you first sight through the lens at an object in the distance. Then, you rotate the dial until the needle lines up with the object. The reading on the dial is your bearing.

Prismatic compasses are also equipped with a clinometer, which can be used to take measurements of slopes and angles. This can be helpful when navigating in rugged terrain.

GPS stands for Global Positioning System. It is a satellite-based navigation system that allows users to determine their precise location anywhere in the world. GPS receivers use signals from satellites to calculate their position on Earth. GPS was originally developed for use by the military, but it is now available for civilian use as well.

Most GPS receivers are portable and can be carried with you as you travel. They can be used for a variety of activities such as hiking, biking, geocaching, and boating. Many cell phones and cars now come equipped with GPS receivers as well.


In the National Cadet Corps (NCC), map reading is an essential skill that cadets must learn in order to orient themselves and find their way around. The first step in map reading is to set a map, which means finding the north direction and aligning the map accordingly. Once the map is set, cadets can start to identify their own position on the map and plot their course.

To set a map, cadets must first find north. This can be done by using a compass or by finding two landmarks and taking a bearing from one to the other. Once north is found, the map can be aligned so that north is at the top. This will ensure that all of the features on the map are in their correct positions relative to each other.

Once the map is set, cadets can begin to identify their own position on it. This can be done by using a known landmark or by taking a bearing from two known landmarks. Once the cadet's position is plotted on the map, they can start to plot their course to their destination. By following this process, cadets will be able to navigate their way around without getting lost.


In the National Cadet Corps (NCC) India, map reading is an essential skill that cadets must learn in order to properly navigate their way through different terrains. There are a variety of maps that cadets can use, each with its own unique features and purpose.

The most common type of map used by cadets is the topographic map. This type of map shows the natural features of an area, such as mountains, rivers, and valleys. It also includes man-made features such as roads and bridges. Topographic maps are useful for planning hiking and camping trips, as well as for orienteering races.

Another type of map that cadets may use is the political map. This type of map shows the boundaries between different countries, states, and provinces. Political maps are useful for understanding the relationships between different areas.

Finally, cadets may also use satellite images to help them understand the landscape. Satellite images can show features that are not visible on other types of maps, such as forests and bodies of water. They can also be used to identify landmarks from a distance.


In the National Cadet Corps (NCC), map reading is an important skill that cadets must learn in order to effectively navigate during exercises and operations.

The NCC curriculum provides comprehensive training on how to read and interpret topographic maps. This includes learning how to use a compass, determine elevation and distance, as well as other essential map reading skills.

Cadets must be able to understand and apply these concepts in order to safely and effectively navigate in both rural and urban environments. By developing these skills, NCC cadets will be better prepared for any situation they may encounter while serving their country.


In the National Cadet Corps (NCC), map reading is an important skill that cadets must learn. The POINT TO POINT MARCH is one way that cadets can practice and hone their map reading skills.

To do a POINT TO POINT MARCH, cadets will need a map of the area where they will be marching. They should also have a compass, so that they can orient the map properly. Once they have these things, they can begin planning their march route.

Cadets should take into account the terrain when planning their route. They will need to consider things like hills, valleys, and streams when choosing the best path. Additionally, they should try to avoid obstacles like roads and buildings if possible.

Once they have planned their route, cadets will need to follow it carefully on the ground. This means paying attention to the landmarks around them and making sure they are going in the right direction. If at any point they get lost or confused, they can refer back to the map to help them get back on track.

The POINT TO POINT MARCH is a great way for cadets to improve their map reading skills. By taking the time to plan their route and paying attention to their surroundings, they can learn how to navigate using only a map and compass.

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